Prevention of Cervical cancer is important, as Cervical Cancer is one among the few cancers that’s almost completely preventable. Cervical Cancer is a major cause of suffering and premature death among women in developing countries. China and India have about 35% of cervical cancer while India contributes around 60,000 deaths and 97,000 cases in 2018 globally. Cervical cancer is highly preventable if diagnosed at an early stage during the long pre-malignant phase through regular screening. Unfortunately, in India, a lack of awareness is prevailing about the screening and the disease itself.
What is Cervical Cancer?
This type of cancer occurs in the cells of the cervix which is at the lower part of the uterus connecting the vagina. The normal cells of the cervix gradually develop abnormal changes which are termed to be precancerous. The goal of screening this cancer is to detect pre-cancer or earlier cancer to make it more treatable and curable. Regular screening can prevent cervical cancers to a huge extent and save lives. The main types of cervical cancers include squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Various strains of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), plays a major role in causing most cervical cancer cases because it is a sexually transmitted infection.
Cervical Cancer Prevention & Symptoms
Cervical Cancer doesn’t produce any signs or symptoms at an early stage. At advanced stages an individual can experience the below symptoms:
- Vaginal bleeding between periods, after menopause, or at the time after the intercourse
- Watery, bloody vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain or pain during intercourse
Cervical Cancer Risk factors
- Multiple sexual partners
- Early sexual activity
- Other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- A weakened immune system
Cervical Cancer Prevention
Cervical Cancer is one among the few cancers which is almost totally preventable. The preventive screenings for cervical cancer are HPV Vaccine and the Pap Smear Test. Pre-cancerous changes can be detected by conducting the pap smear test and treated to prevent cancer from developing it worser. The HPV vaccine is taken at an early age and helps prevent HPV infection. Refer these few tips to reduce your risk of cervical cancer:
- Take the HPV vaccine
- Be regular with your pap smear tests
- Practice safe sex
- Quit smoking
Pap Smear Test and Cervical Cancer Prevention
Pap smear test is a screening procedure for testing cervical cancer in women. It helps you to reveal changes in the cervical cells where it may turn into cancer later. After crossing 21 years of age, regular screening has to be done which helps to find the growth of cancerous cells in the cervix at an early stage. Cervical cancer when detected early can be cured by taking appropriate treatments.
Most cervical cancers are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) and spread through sexual contact. The HPV vaccine prevents most of these cases of cervical cancer before a girl or woman is exposed to the virus. We recommend it for young girls.
Advanced Cancer Care for Cervical Cancer Prevention
The team of Specialists at VS Hospitals provides high-quality, evidence-based comprehensive and personalised care for cervical cancer. They offer all aspects of cancer care starting from screening, prevention, and early detection, advanced imaging (PET CT) to radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy where all are made under one roof.
We can make out that each and every woman who is suffering from Gynaecological Cancer seeks standard medical care depending on their emotional needs. Our highly qualified oncologists provide stepwise treatment precisely with an oriented goal by supporting women by using cutting-edge technology.
Read also Top 5 Private Cancer Hospitals in India.