Head and neck cancer symptoms

Care. Cure. Compassion

What is Head & neck cancer?


Head and neck cancers start in any part of the head or neck area, including the nose, mouth and throat, larynx, sinuses (spaces in the bones of the face),  salivary glands and middle ear. They usually begin in the squamous cells(carcinoma) that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck areas.

Head and Neck Symptoms

1. Lump or mass in the head or neck region. 2. Persistent nasal obstruction or congestion. 3. Unusual nasal bleeding or discharge resulting in respiratory or breathing problems.


Risk Factors

* Poor nutrition * Poor oral and dental hygiene * Prolonged sun exposure * Human papillomavirus (HPV)


Diet And Nutrition

Cruciferous vegetables and leafy vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, etc may increase carcinogen metabolism, induce apoptosis, and reduce the risk of developing a primary head and neck tumour.


Head & Neck  Cancer prevention

1. Stopping using tobacco products 2. Avoid marijuana or alcohol  3. Maintaining proper care of denture



 Physical examination/blood and urine test – Endoscopy – Biopsy – Molecular testing of the tumour – X-ray/barium swallow – Panoramic radiograph – Ultrasound – Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan – Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – Bone scan


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