Care. Cure. Compassion
– Breast lump – Thickening or dimpling – Retraction or inversion of the nipple – Shape of the breast – Nipple discharge
– 1st group – Hormone Sensitive Tumor where the tumor cells harbor estrogen and progesterone inside the cancer cells so they are hormone-sensitive. – 2nd group – Her2/ neu positive cells where about 20 to 25% of breast cancer are developed to new mutations in the cancer cells. – 3rd group – is Neu Receptor-Positive – A) heterogeneous receptor B) Progenis receptor and C) Hetero receptor where all three are negative.
Thirdly, women developing menstrual periods, before the age of 12, and women who have periods after the age of 55 (i.e.) for a long period of time stand a higher chance of developing breast cancer. Finally, breast lumps develop due to the lifestyle changes causing the actual cancers.
– Surgery – Chemotherapy – Hormonal therapy – Radiation – Immunotherapy – Lumpectomy
In Hormone Sensitive Disease, during stage 1 whole lumpectomy is done by giving radiation to the breast and continuing her with hormones. During Stage 2, you can do surgery and radiation and later maintain them on hormones. During Stage 3 hormones are given first to reduce the size and make it operable.
– Mammogram – Painless and simple screening test. – X-Ray & Clinical Examination – Checks the nature of the lump – Ultrasound, Biopsy, CT, or PET Scan Covers the entire body from head to foot. – MRIs – Pick the small lesions in the dense breast
In India, it is freely available in major cities at an affordable cost say for Rs. 20000 – 25000. It is a boon for cancer patients in India because the treatment is planned depending on the stage, biology, and affordability.
Breast cancer is an easily preventable disease. Prevention can be categorized into primary prevention, and secondary prevention. Primary prevention includes leading a healthy life, maintaining standard body weight, avoiding junk foods, animal fat, and animal protein, intaking a lot of vegetables and fruits, avoiding smoking or drinking alcohol, and having control over diabetes.
Breast cancer usually starts in the inner lining of the milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. From there, it can spread to other parts of the body.