Understanding Arthritis

Care. Cure. Compassion

Definition of Arthritis 

The term "Arthritis" usually refers to more than 100 varied types of diseases which mostly have causes like pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the joints.  All about understanding arthritis is that it involves some form of joint pain or the other.  


Types of Arthritis 

There are two most prevalent types of arthritis which include Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis.   The most common form of arthritis is Osteoarthritis, in which joint cartilage is destroyed, a patient can experience bony outgrowth or bone spurs and also lose cartilage particles. 


Who are prone to Osteoarthritis? 

In general, Osteoarthritis affects aged people, between 55 years and older.  That is why most people term it as an 'aged disease' of the joints.  Osteoarthritis is common in the hands, spine, hips, knees and feet of victims.


What is rheumatoid arthritis?

In rheumatoid arthritis, white blood cells divide, grow and multiply in the synovial membrane.  These can produce loss of space in the synovial cavity, inflammation of the joint capsule and synovial membrane along with stiffness and pain in the joint. 


More information about Inflammatory Arthriti

The "Inflammatory Arthritis" causes very severe inflammation in the joints and the tendons and is mostly characterized by the inflammation and swelling of the synovial membrane with stiffness and severe pain in the joints turning red and warm when touched.


How to prevent arthritis?

– Maintaining a good body weight – Avoid wearing high heel – Do non-impact exercise – Choose body mechanic – Keep a check on vitamin D – Stay hydrated


How to maintain body weight? 

Excess body weight can be one of the most important risk factors for arthritis.  Add more fiber in the diet and eat more healthy foods like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables by limiting refined carbohydrates and fat. 


Non-impact exercises Vs body mechanic

Avoid long-distance running and soccer which can wear down the cartilage faster than normal, worsening the arthritis.  Choosing good body mechanics, like lifting with your legs instead of using your back, takes stress off the joints to prevent arthritis by preserving cartilage 


Preventing Arthritis Vitamin D, Water  

According to the medical survey, people who have deficiency in  vitamin D have more progression  of osteoarthritis.  The cartilage in the joints is mostly made up of water, staying hydrated would make it a great cushion for the joints.


- Prof. Dr. S. Subramanian (Founder)

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