Care. Cure. Compassion
Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of arthritis where the immune system of a human body attacks the tissue which lines the joints on both sides of the body besides affecting other parts of the body.
The development of RA is between the ages of 30 and 60. The older generation aged over 65 are more prone to the disease called the later-onset rheumatoid arthritis.
If you experience morning stiffness for no apparent reason with pain and inflammation in your fingers, hands, wrists, ankles, knees, feet or toes you might be suffering from one of its symptoms. It can affect everyone differently.
Rheumatoid arthritis isn't just a physical condition, it also has the propensity to tax the mental and emotional state of a person's well-being.
The main causes of rheumatoid arthritis include a combination of hormones, genetics and environmental factors.
Firstly, arthritis causes uncontrolled inflammation in your muscles, ligaments damaging cartilage. Secondly, arthritis causes pain, swelling and heat to the specific cells in the immune system causing symptoms throughout the body affecting the skin, eyes, mouth, heart and lungs.
There are several risk factors like the family history, sex, smoking and obesity. Studies have stated that most of the genetic variations for people depend on HLA (human leukocyte antigen) genes and non-genetic factors like exposure to irritants and pollutants.
The most important goal to treat rheumatoid arthritis is to reduce joint pain and swelling because it can maintain or improve joint function. The long-term goal of treating rheumatoid arthritis is to slow or stop joint damage.
The healthcare provider may refer you to a rheumatologist who will do a physical exam, take blood tests and imagine tests like x-rays, ultrasound and MRI scans and also enquire about medical history and symptoms to provide an effective treatment.
- Prof. Dr. S. Subramanian (Founder)
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