Different Types of Radiation Therapy

Different types of Radiation Therapy, Cancer is a formidable adversary, affecting millions of lives worldwide. 

Fortunately, advances in medical science have given rise to a multitude of treatments, and radiation therapy stands as a powerful weapon in the oncologist’s arsenal.

One of the most common types of radiation therapy is External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT). In EBRT, a machine directs high-energy X-ray beams or other types of radiation at the cancerous cells from outside the body.

External Beam Radiation Therapy:


Brachytherapy, often referred to as internal radiation therapy, is one of the different types of radiation therapy.

Unlike EBRT, where radiation comes from outside the body, brachytherapy involves placing a radioactive source directly inside or very close to the tumour.

It is a specialised form of external beam radiation therapy that delivers high doses of precisely targeted radiation in a few sessions. SBRT is commonly used for small, well-defined tumours in various parts of the body.

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT):

Particle therapy, also known as proton therapy and carbon ion therapy, is a cutting-edge radiation treatment that employs charged particles like protons or carbon ions instead of traditional X-rays.

Particle Therapy:

These particles have the unique ability to deposit most of their energy precisely within the tumour, sparing healthy tissues.

Different types of radiation therapy can be combined with other treatment modalities to achieve the best possible outcomes for patients.

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Combined Therapies and Emerging Trends:

For instance, radiation therapy is frequently used in conjunction with surgery and chemotherapy to increase the chances of curing cancer or managing symptoms.

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