Knee Joint

Knee Joint


Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. Medical conditions - including arthritis, gout and infections - also can cause knee pain.
Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures. Physical therapy and knee braces also can help relieve knee pain. In some cases, however, your knee may require surgical repair.


The location and severity of knee pain may vary, depending on the cause of the problem. Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:

  • Swelling and stiffness 
  • Redness and warmth to the touch 
  • Weakness or instability 
  • Popping or crunching noises 
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee

Risk Factors

A number of factors can increase your risk of having knee problems, including:

  • Excess weight 
  • Biomechanical problems 
  • Lack of muscle flexibility or strength 
  • Certain sports 
  • Previous injury
  • Climbing stairs, Sitting cross legged, Squatting after the age of 45


Although it's not always possible to prevent knee pain, the following suggestions may help forestall injuries and joint deterioration:

  • Maintain a healthy weight 
  • Be in shape to play your sport 
  • Get strong, stay limber 
  • Be smart about exercise

You Require a Check-Up, if:

  • You had any injury to the knee 


  • You twisted your knee while walking or running 


  • Your Knee hurts on particular movements or on weight bearing 


  • Knee hurts constantly even during sleep 


  • Any swelling or redness around the knee 


  • Recurrent knee swelling     


  • Cracking sound or grating sensation on moving the knees


  • Any obvious knee deformity, like bow legs or knock knees 


  • Loss of movements, either unable to bend or straighten fully 


  • Your knee feels unstable or gives away 


  • Difficulty / Discomfort on Climbing the Stairs and on Squatting


Visit your doctor if you:

  • Can't bear weight on your knee 
  • Have marked knee swelling 
  • Are unable to fully extend or flex your knee 
  • See an obvious deformity in your leg or knee 
  • Have a fever, in addition to redness, pain and swelling in your knee 
  • Feel as if your knee is unstable or your knee  "gives out"



D. Ortho., FRCS (Ortho) 
Consultant Joint Replacement & 
Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon


Guest Speak

Because of a very satisfying first experience I have referred another person to this hospital. Good to be here. Very pleasant and efficiant staffs. 

Mary Jeremiah