Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease. GERD occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, stomach content, flows back into your food pipe (esophagus). The backwash (reflux) irritates the lining of your esophagus and causes GERD.


  • A burning sensation in your chest (heartburn), sometimes spreading to your throat, along with a sour taste in your mouth
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Dry cough
  • Hoarseness or sore throat
  • Regurgitation of food or sour liquid (acid reflux)
  • Sensation of a lump in your throat

Risk Factors

Conditions that can increase your risk of GERD include:

  • Obesity
  • Bulging of top of stomach up into the diaphragm (hiatal hernia)
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Dry mouth
  • Asthma
  • Diabetes
  • Delayed stomach emptying
  • Connective tissue disorders, such as scleroderma


  • Lose weight
  • Avoid foods known to cause reflux
    • Fatty foods
    • Spicy foods
    • Acidic foods, like tomatoes and citrus
    • Mint
    • Chocolate
    • Onions
    • Coffee or any caffeinated beverage
    • Carbonated beverages
  • Eat smaller meals
  • Don't lie down after eating
  • Elevate head end of bed
  • Stop smoking
  • Aviod alcohol
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes

When to See a Doctor?

Visit your doctor immediately if you experience chest pain, especially if you have other signs and symptoms, such as shortness of breath or jaw or arm pain. These may be signs and symptoms of a heart attack. If you take over-the-counter medications for heartburn more than twice a week, see your doctor.

You Require a Check-Up, if:

  • There is frequent heartburn or acid indigestion burning in the lower part of the mid-chest, behind the breast bone, and in the mid-abdomen.


  • There is experience a Dry Cough, Asthma, Sore Throat symptoms or trouble swallowing


  • You are overweight especially recent weight gain

Yes No

  • Hiatus Hernia


  • Delayed stomach emptying


If “Yes”to any of the above, consult your trusted ”Gastroenterologist” immediately.



Sr. Consultant Surgical Gastroenterologist, Laproscopy
& Obesity Specialist


MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine), DM (Medical Gastroenterology),
Consultant Medical Gastroentrologist


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