• The investigation of urinary tract problems often requires visual examination of the bladder and its drainage system
  • This examination is called a cystoscopy
  • Cystoscopy may be performed in your urologist's examination room or at your local hospital
  • The location, date and the time of the Cystoscopy will be specified so that you can make any necessary arrangements

The Examination

  • On the day of your examination you may be asked to undress and put on a gown.
  • A nurse will ask you a few questions and explain the examination procedure
  • At the appropriate time, you will be taken to an examination room where you will lie down on a special bed.
  • Your legs may be elevated and supported in stirrups

Sterile Technique

  • Cystoscopy is performed using sterile technique
  • This means that care is taken to prevent any bacterial from entering the bladder and causing infection
  • Before the examination begins, an antiseptic solution is used to clean the genital area, which is then covered with a sterile sheet

Urinary Passage

  • Local anesthetic (“freezing jelly”) may be applied to the urinary passage (urethra) to numb its lining
  • During the cystoscopy, you will be awake and aware of being touched, but any discomfort should be tolerable

Your Urologist

  • If additional tests are planned, your urologist may recommend that you receive an anesthetic
  • In these cases, another specialist doctor, the anesthesiologist, will explain how you will be kept comfortable with sedation or by being “put to sleep”
  • You will be asked not to eat or drink anything for a number of hours before your cystoscopy if an anesthetic is to be used

Urethra and Bladder

  • Cystoscopy is performed by passing a narrow tube (the cystoscope) through the urinary opening, along the urethra and into the bladder
  • It is important that you relax during the examination
  • The bladder is then filled with sterile water and special lenses are used to examine every part of its lining
  • The prostate and urethra are also examined, if appropriate

Anesthetic is Required

  • The entire examination normally takes no more than a few minutes and you should be able to resume your usual activities immediately, unless an anesthetic is required
  • You will be monitored until your anesthetic has worn off completely
  • The use of an anesthetic requires that you arrange to be driven home because of its potential prolonged sedating effects
  • You should be able to resume all your usual activities by the next day

After the Examination

  • After a cystoscopy, some patients may experience burning during urination and blood in the urine for a few days
  • These symptoms will disappear more quickly if you drink plenty of fluids and empty your bladder frequently
  • Your urologist will discuss any findings immediately after completing your cystoscopy

Results of all Investigations

  • You may be asked to make an appointment later to review the results of all investigations and to plan further tests or treatment as required
  • Medication may also be prescribed following your cystoscopy, if appropriate




MBBS, MS (Gen Surgery), M.Ch(Urology)
Consultant Urologist, Andrologist & Kidney Transplant Surgeon


MBBS, MS, Mch (Urology)
Consultant Urologist


Guest Speak

My sister has been hospitalized 4 days for surgery. About my opinion has been good and I satisfied by the staff members, duty doctors and nurse. Room service and cleanliness are quiet good. I would like to refer my friends and relatives if there were in sick, it may be major or minor.

Mohamed Buhari