Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)


Prostate Gland & Surgery

BPH is the enlargement of prostate gland causing difficulty in urination prostate is a sexual accessory gland present in males. It is a small gland surrounding the urethra between bladder and urinary sphincter. With age, prostate increases in size and compress the urethra making it more difficult to urinate enlargement of pros-tate may be benign (non cancerous growth) or malignant (cancerous). Predominantly, enlargement of pros-tate is due to benign growth, only 20% accounting for cancerous growth. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Is a non cancerous growth of prostate leading to difficulty in urination.


  • You may experience urgency in passing urine
  • Nocturia - increase nighttime urine frequency
  • Poor urine flow
  • intermittency - interrupted urine flow
  • Hesitancy - difficulty in initiating urination
  • Urge incontinence - urgency & urine leak
  • Sense of incomplete emptying of bladder If not treated, it may progress to
  • Urinary retention (unable to pass urine / complete blockage of urine)
  • Repeated urinary tract infections
  • Kidney Failure
  • Bladder Stones


  • Your doctor will assess you with
  • Per rectal examination (Putting a finger in your rectum) - to assess prostate gland
  • Ultrasound of KUB region (to assess the kidney bladder and prostate)
  • Uroflowmetry ( to assess the urine flow)
  • Blood PSA (to assess prostate cancer)
  • Urine investigation
  • Urodynamic study - (to assess bladder function in diabetic patients)


  • Most men can be treated safely and effectively, once BPH is diagnosed
  • Treatment options will be given to you based on severity of the disease
  • Medical Management:
  • Drugs are given to improve your symptoms
  • This option is given, if you have mild symptoms
  • Surgical Management:




MBBS, MS (Gen Surgery), M.Ch(Urology)
Consultant Urologist, Andrologist & Kidney Transplant Surgeon


MBBS, MS, Mch (Urology)
Consultant Urologist


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